Archives for posts with tag: wicca

Having heard of these little globules  over the past few years, I has a chance to see them in the flesh for the first time a couple of weekends ago.

While on Angelsey for the first weekend of the Angelsey Druid Order’s training weekend  of 2017, I wandered down to Lligwy  beach.  On previous  visits I had found shells from Pilgrims Scallops and even tiny abalone shells, potentially  from areas as far away as Mexico. As well as funnel web spiders and orchids alongside other wildflowers  on the walk down to the beach.

On this visit more treasures turned up  such as a hermit crab and rock fused oyster. Yet, more amazingly, the sandy shore and rocky outcrops were filled with scores of small jelly like globes.

These fascinating and transparent  creatures are known as Sea Gooseberries  and are part of a group of organisms known as Ctenophora and are a group of animals similar in nature to the jellyfish. 

Although they look to be nothing more than ridged clear jelly at first glance,  when one looks closer they will see fine red threads at the heart of the critter and grooved ribs along its outer surface. 

In some species these ribs and the ‘threads’ inside are able to glow and flicker; attracting prey via bioluminescence. (Check out the videos of sea gooseberries  feeding on YouTube).

What we can’t  see out of the water and with the naked eye are the feeding strands, known as combs. These combs are used to filter plankton, fish and crustacean larvae from the sea – some species can consume more than their body weight on tiny organisms each day.
With such an appetite, these tiny critters can have a drastic effect on fish populations. A couple of species were introduced  to the Black and Azoz seas much to the detriment of the local fish stocks. 

Obviously,  in my wonderment,  I picked a few of these beauties up for a closer look and a photograph  or two. After  that,  they were dropped  in to a large rock pool to await the returning sea. This revealed  another wonder from this marvellous  creature….they disappeared  from sight as soon as they went in to the water! 

What with them being 99% water, that shouldn’t  surprise  me, but it didn’t  half  make me smile 🙂

Yet another example of the wonders of the natural world around us.

All too often we get used to our immediate  surroundings and take them for granted, but when we take the  time  to look at what’s  under our nose we can make fantastic  discoveries.

I often have the pleasure  of  workin in varied locations. Today’s work was up in North Blackpool,  from there I nipped down  the shoreline to work in the Blackpool office a couple of miles away.

Whenever  I work anywhere  with a beach I try to grab some time  on the sand…. beaches are dynamic  and changeable  places which can hold a treasure trove one day and nought but smooth sand the next depending  upon the tide’s haul. 

The last two times I’ve  ventured on to the beach in Blackpool I’ve  been  amazed at what I’ve found. 

Last Wednesday, after high and stormy winds, I discovered  a beach full of shells – from large specimens  of hard shelled clams to vast numbers of turret shells and a few delicate but beautiful  Common Wendletrap shells, minature Murix and Pelicans foot shells.

All those amidst a  carpet of razor clams, mussels and cockles which created a crunchy chorus underfoot, complimenting the rolling waves.

The shore today was far smoother – a week later and all but a spattering  of shells have returned  beneath  the waves, maybe never to be seen  again.

However,  other oddities  graced the sands… delicate seaurchins, many crumbling  at the touch, we’re the first to catch my eye.

Followed by the sheer number of crab bits from various  species.  All washed up amidst long tangles of seaweed. The weather, or an under sea current  had obviously  stirred up the seabed well.

As a sure sign that the depths were truly disturbed; the unusual  sight of what appeared to be breadcrumbless chicken nuggets, some wrapped around seaweed  and betwixt dogfish egg cases. 

These turned out to be bryozoa – colonies of tiny sea animals  which form jelly, or in this case meaty, round growths, like soft coral, which usually  stay well off shore.

There a brief video of some here..

Add to that the sight of a baby dogfish still in the egg case, washed ashore amidst weed but still vitally alive. 

This was a wonder to see… an embryonic  dogfish thrashing around inside the case which will welcome it to this world. 

Obviously,  being beached isn’t particular  conducive to the health of a baby dogfish. Left alone it’d  simply ‘boil in the bag’ under a warm sun.

See a not always in focus video of the dogfish to be here.

As such, I did my best to return the pod to the water with a good throwing arm put in to use. Hopefully  the waves will take it back out to deeper waters and give it a chance at at long and healthy life.

And as one last point of interest a few different  types of  beached jellyfish, also returned to the sea.

Blackpool is an area which hardly conjures up thoughts of wild biodiversity, but with a curious eye and a willingness to slow down, a lot can be seen in a what would often be dismissed as a dead zone.

Why not go out and look at what’s  around you? Reclaim  those places you take for granted.


 Ever since my first trip to the Isle of Man I have felt a strong connection  to Manann as Manannan Mac Lir is know on Ellan Vannin. 

As soon as my feet touched it’s  shore some seven or eight years ago I knew a bond had formed between he and me. Over the ensuing  years I worked with Manann regularly and it was in August of 2016 that I visited the island again. The reconnection was intense and immediate and hasn’t left me since even though I have left the shores of that beautiful land.

It was upon my return  to  the mainland that I started to sense his very obvious  presence up on the moors, in the damp and crowed thickets of the woods and often in the rhythmic falling of the rain as well as on the shores.

As such, in the manner of a God charge as used frequently  in Wicca, I have written the below.

Feel free to use it yourself if it speaks to  you, just credit me if you do.
Hear it spoken  at Cemlyn Bay  here

Manann’s Charge 

I am never fully what I seem. I am the son of the sea adorned  by a cloak of mist.

My touch is in the dew upon every blade of grass and every  bell of heather on every mountain  and moor.

My footprints  are all but seen on the salted marsh and sandy shore; in all places that trick  the eye,

Always I am where I am not,

I am in the writhing ocean, 

I am in the endless thicket.

I breathe in the depths of the pine forest as the rain falls

And I  will lead you in the losing of yourself,  until you discover the shores of your being.

Trust in me and the use of Fragarach, the sword of answers,  shall be yours. 

Trust me with your deepest  secrets and wholest truths and the deception of the Feth Fiada, my clouded cloak, shall be yours.

Cresting the waves aboard my wakeless ship scuabtuinne, I move across the wavetips  and through the hidden places with equal  ease.

For a caring  trickster am I, dressed in the robes of a sage, for without the pain of awakening we are nought but a hare who dreams of sleep

Manann, Manannan, Manandan, Manawydan am I.

Walk in my ways. 

Join me on the shore or the rocky scree topped hills and I shall answer the unspoken question                 and with graceful mirth and sharp tongue guide you through life’s  mysteries and tribulations. 

Then when you are utterly spent,  I will lay you to rest in an earthen  barrow or a cairn of fine stones

And I shall guide your spirit in to the land of the dead to be cradled in to the cauldron of renewal .

Manann am I. 




I’ve found myself building more and more stone stack shrines these last few months, and some of that could be a reflection of what’s going on in my own life. Yet, I suspect that a lot of it is due to the fact that I’m being called to build them by the Spirits of the places I visit.

I cannot recall a time before which I enjoyed making simple things by hand. Don’t get me wrong, I found wood work and any ‘technology’ class other than cooking to be incredibly dull and frustrating – at no point have I ever wanted to make something according to a curriculum not of my choosing.
The sea of inspiration smacks hard against the wall of  a curriculum without room for creativity… and like a fish leaping from the sea to find itself hurtling wetly towards a wall, the otherwise inspired suffer much from it.

There’s a simple beauty to be found when a rock or  log or similar can be stacked or worked with to create a change in the landscape that engenders a recognition that there is something other than the self in a site when stumbled upon by another. An echo of what is and what was, possibly moments before, possibly centuries.

Stone stacks are found all over the world and in varying sizes and shapes – I claim no artistry here, as I have seen some stone balancers who truly have made it in to an art form. The ones made by my hands will never win awards, but they echo the voices of the places they are found – rough, unshod and if not wary then belligerent.
My little shrines are a mixture of the ephemeral and almost permanent – they both have their value.

In the woods, I sometime stack sticks from a fallen tree, in the form of a stepped pyramid, grids of sticks lined up  to form a pyramid, but that’s rare as I’d hate for them to become an invitation to light a pyre for local pyromaniac youths. More often in the woods, I slide feathers in to cracks in bark. Done at eye height; a deliberate change. A recognition of the tree and the bird; designed to be seen.

I have in the past also made witch’s ladders from bones and compostable twine (or cordage), and hung these from branches in trees.
With the coming of the winds, the bones sing an odd and jaunty rattle as if glad to be granted movement again. While the feathers flutter until they are knocked aloft, flying once again; even if momentarily.

Yet, more recently I’ve been called to make more and more of these little stone stacks out in the middle of seemingly nowhere – the desolate moor, the cliff top, the stream bed, the beach at dawn. Or, as in the pictures above, on a recent Circle of Pagans Trip to Anglesey, in a cove just beneath Barclodiad-y-Gawres Burial Chamber as part of a mini ceremony of gratitude to Mon.

It’s a compulsion almost, my hands tingle, the Spirits of the place seem to add a gloss to exactly the right rocks to use and whisper… and so the back pack is dropped and some time is spent  making these structures; with me seemingly at play.

So I thought I’d share a few from a recent visit to the Isle of Man and my time on Anglezarke moor – both places where Mannanan’s presence is strongly felt, both landscapes that seem open but that hide a lot… but Mannanan is a topic for another blog post or two.

The majority of stone stacks will survive for a long time if in a sheltered spot. Some can be made in to pretty permanent things, but often the top third or so falls off with a strong wind or when a passing animal uses it as a scratching post.

Using big stones in a big and barren landscape was an Inuit tradition. It can be awfully lonely out on the tundra and the iced up sea when out hunting, fishing or walking.
To combat the loneliness, they would build big stone stacks on the shore line, enough that they could be seen by passing boats and to act as a reminder that you aren’t alone, nor are you lost. Others have been this way before you and will come this way again.
In many cases it would be remembered who had built which stack and so, as they were seen, you’d remember a family member or a friend.


Many of the small ones pictured, will be little more than one stone tall now. They are built in exposed areas. It pleases me in someways to know that I’ve given the Wind something to play with.

For me, making these isn’t about achieving any form of immortality, nor is it to be remembered in the short term. They’re made by going with the flow of inspiration received while out in these places. They are made to recognise the dynamism of the spirit there; and as such they should be changeable, movable and yet still obvious while they exist.

Some however are built in such a way as to give others a tingle as they come around a corner in to a landscape speckled with stone stacks shrines, they know about it. There’s an eeriness in the air and a giddy energy – the Spirits of the Place and Time are recognised even by the non-magical traveler.


It’s rare for me to aim for permanence, but sometimes that’s what’s called for. In the pictures below you can see a stone stack on Anglezarke moor, made in a place of exposed stones, where I’m pretty sure they’re from a a naturally exposed ridge rather than a settlement footprint. Either way the spot blasts out potency and I made a simple stack on my first time  visiting.
A couple of weeks later I was in the area again and checked on how the stack was doing, it had lost the top third or so of it’s stones in the windy weather. As I began to rebuild it inspiration came in that led me to make it more resilient and more likely to survive for a long time… it’s now a little over a metre tall and about 60cm across at the widest point. It’ll be checked up on and the Spirits greeted next time I’m up there.


Quite to the contrary though, it’s just as important to make things of fleeting presence – a sacrifice of energy and awareness.
As such, I often find myself creating seaside stone temples in miniature whenever I’m on a stony beach.

The images below show a small, not quite, stack shrine and a metre wide shrine, made on the beach. The stones were just south and east of the point of Ayre on the Isle of Man. Within ten minute the sea had rushed in to claim them, leaving no trace after a few waves had broken over it. Although it took quite a few more waves than anticipated to fell all of the stones.

The resistance of both of these little structures to the sea’s advances is oddly hope giving.

What we might expect to be washed away in mere moments, we find stands strong until almost fully submerged by rolling waves.

It’s long been said that there’s a  beauty in decay and as you watch the work you made to be eaten, slowly become other than it was – returned to it’s constituents, that beauty creeps in to the mind.
It’s almost as though the same beings that suggested you build it just here and with these exact rocks and in this pattern are also reminding you that the world is rife with impermanence. Showing that even the strongest of us will find peace from the ceaseless conflict of change, of becoming and unbecoming, if we surrender to that which makes us what we are in the here and now.  Or it will come if we wait it out for the greater whole of the world to subsume us again in it’s regenerative embrace.

There’s a power in accepting how vulnerable we are, how mortal we are, in the grand scheme of things. Whether you believe in reincarnation or otherwise, this life, this form, this self will never exist again in exactly the same way after we are gone.

The ephemeral nature of life and being means that every breath we share with others truly is a blessing – we gift ourselves to those we spend time with, as they do to us.
And so, from the apparent permanence of stone we can catch  a glimpse of our own mortality and smile, knowing we are truly gifted with the present moment… even if not all present moments are nice or pleasing.

Finally though, there’s another blessing that stone stack building can convey; enchantment.

By leaving a foot print free stone shrine on a beach, or in a landscape known for it’s magical properties, we can keep the world a little bit more magical for those who find it.
Like this one, done shortly after dawn on Ramsey beach, Isle of Man. It’d be hours before the sea came in and hours before the beach was filled with children… enough time for the wind to hide my footprints and for the mischief found both in myself and in the Spirit of that place to leave a little mystery and hopefully a little enchantment for those who found it.

And then, finally, if not kicked over, it’d become a sacrifice to the Sea God Mannan.
A sacrifice freely given and made of my time at play.




In a previous blog post I mentioned  that I hold the role of ‘Ritualist’ for the Circle of Pagans moot.

This is a longstanding moot that serves Liverpool  and the surrounding area as well as any one else who might be passing through.

Part of my role is to create simple rituals for each of the eight spokes of the Neo-pagan wheel of the year. These are rituals that anyone can follow, regardless of how new they are to their pagan path or their ritual experience.

The rituals are based on Wiccan, Druid and Traditional Witchcraft ceremonies;  like most followed by Neopagans today.

They are rituals that can be used by sole practitioners or adapted to group use easily; feel free to tweak them until they suit you and yours.

Circle of Pagans aims to share knowledge and reach out to the wider community. Which is why I thought I’d post the rituals on my blog for others to see, adapt and use.

So here we go……..


Mabon, Autumn Equinox ritual:


– In today’s world, it can sometimes be a bit of a mystery a to why things are celebrated, but the equinoxes are some of the most self explanatory. An equinox happens twice a year, once in Spring (Vernal equinox) and once in Autumn. Mabon, as it’s come to be known is the Autumn equinox.
Equinox means ‘equal night’, this refers to the hours of daylight and darkness being equally matched. Either side of this day Summer and Winter can be said to be reigning.

–  The autumnal equinox usually falls on either the 21st or 22nd of September. To the casual observer it looks as though there is a period of around three days where the day and night are almost identical in length to each other, or at least it does here in the UK.

–  After the Autumnal equinox, the number of hours in darkness, will be greater than those in light each 24 hour period, until we hit the Spring equinox.

–  Recognising the changing tides of day and night, can be reason enough to make this a special day. Here, with the equinox, the summer officially ends and we step ever further in to the darkness.

–  Agriculturally and horticulturally speaking, this is the time of the second major harvest. The grain crops and hay crops would have been gathered in around the beginning of August (Lammas) and now the plants in the vegetable garden have started to run out of vigour. Yet, at the same time apples, pears, quince, medlar, late plums and grapes are suddenly showing up; swollen against the back drop of slowly changing leaves.

– Although, historically, many of these fruit would be picked over a long season between now and the start of November (Samhain), many would now be gathered and checked over. The best of the fruits would be stored in barrels or in the cool airy rafters of the lofts of cottages.
While the fruit that would not store so well, or indeed was grown especially for it, would be chopped and pressed and funneled in to barrels to make what is the second most holy drink in my opinion: cider.
(With mead being the first… arguably a place shared with a sensually good red wine or a smooth whiskey).

– Cider making was a communal activity and a magic all of it’s own. Cider vinegar was also made at this time to help preserve the last of the seasons vegetables as strong chutney or pickles.In more modern times, canning of vegetables and fruits would also have been common place.

–  Crops like plums may well have been dried, while quince and medlar would be picked and left to soften, or blet, as in begin to rot, in the case of the medlar, before being used.

–   All these foods are the flavour and nutrient givers to the carbohydrate crops of grain and potatoes and similar harvested back in August, with these prepared, stored and fermenting the prospect of Winter wouldn’t seem quite so bleak to people living a peasant  life.

–  Although the mists would be coming in more frequently and the dew wetting one’s feet in the morning, this time of year also marks a productive time in the hedge row, with rowan, hawthorn, elder and black berries ripe for picking. The obviously generous nature of the Land could not be missed.

–  In modern Druidry, the Autumn equinox is known as Alban Elfed – the light on the water. As the sun lowers to a point where it reflects strongly off the sea and sets in to the West, which is associated with autumn and the third quarter of the year, and , indeed our lives

–  September is often a time of seemingly confused weather as the heat of summer meets the wetness of Autumn; and although the midday can be too hot, the nights can be too cold for comfort. A balance on average, but spiked in experience.

–  Many call this festival Mabon, named after a Welsh deity. Mabon ap Modron appears to us in the tale of in the tale of Culhwch ac Olwen as man, who as a child was stolen from his mothers arms when he was three nights old and locked away in a castle dungeon for milennia. Culhwch, becomes infatuated with Olwen, the daughter of a giant, Ysbaddaden, neither of which he has met, after a he’s cursed for not wanting to marry his stepsister.  Families eh?
A battle ensues and Ysbaddaden is wounded before agreeing that Culhwch can marry Olwen if he performs a series of impossible tasks.
One of these tasks is to hunt down Twrch Trwyth , a giant boar. Twrch Trwyth can only be tracked by Drudwyn, a dog that can only be mastered, so prophecy says, by Mabon ap Modron… as such Culwch and crew head off to find him and in doing so end up speaking to the oldest animals in existence including a devious hawk, an ancient owl, a haggard old stag and a geriatric salmon.

It’s a tale worth reading.

–  The woodland floor is now starting to be come decked with fallen nuts – hazelnuts, acorn and beech mast. And as such, just like Twrch Trwyth, wild boar and pigs would have been moved in to the woodlands to fatten up ahead of the more brutal harvest found at Samhain in six weeks time.

–  The equinox is a time of balance and is a seasonal threshold – perhaps the first leaves are changing colour; shirking their pleasant greens for vibrant painted skins. Perhaps the seed heads of wild grasses have started to bow towards the ground in an aged shade of brown. Perhaps the wildlife is starting to prepare hibernation nests and perhaps hedgehogs and foxes are seen more  as they forage from nature’s bounty to put on weight enough to survive the winter.


Mushrooms are every where… little ones like this don’t take up much room 😉




What to do?

Here are a few ideas for activities that you could do to recognise the time of Mabon, the Autumn Equinox:

–  Read the tale of Mabon ap Modron – there are a several versions and it’s worth reading a few so that the sense of the connection to the time of year sinks in.

–  Take a bag, some tubs or baskets and go on a mushroom foraging walk (trust an expert if you don’t trust yourself and always make sure they are safe to eat). Perhaps dry some mushrooms at home, to practice an ancestral skill.

–  Go on a berry and nut foraging walk, make some jam or chutney, or even fruit leather. taste the landscape as you go.
If you are feeling brave you could look up how to safely make yew berry tart. The pinky red flesh around the seeds is the only edible part of the yew tree and they taste somewhat like raspberries but with the texture of snot. Never eat the seed or leaves, bark or buds of the yew tree though… they are likely to kill you.

–  Even better, get up early and go walking in the dew found on grassy lands. Take time to appreciate spiders webs as they bear droplets of water, like flowing crystal gems.
Don’t forget to say hello to the large Orb spiders that weave webs that dominate the spaces between paths. These beautiful lady spiders with egg swollen abdomens, naturally painted in beautiful markings, could even lead you to looking in to Arianrhod as a goddess of weaving and spider like accuracy.

– Go out to a woodland or park near you and gather some acorns from under oak trees. Perhaps you would even like to plant some to further the next generation of oak trees. Plant them while still fresh and in a place they will grow well.

– Consider  going on  a shamanic  journey to  visit Mabon ap Modron, or the Guardian of Autumn, or one of the Ancient Animals mentioned in the tale. They can both often be found in the middle or lower worlds. Ask what lessons they have for you and what adventures they’d take if they were in your shoes. You don’t have to act these adventures out though if they are a bit much!

– Set up a circle or working site and invoke an appropriate deity of your choice, or your Ancestors, and speak with them about what you have harvested in your life over the past season or so and what you’d like to harvest in the coming months.

– Or simply go for a walk in to the woods, or meadows or park and see what changes the season has brought to the land near you.

– Have a go at making cider or elderberry wine and perhaps take a toast of a ready cider or mead to a liminal place, such as the beach or moorland and offer it as a libation to the Spirits there and of the time.

–  Collect the best coloured autumnal leaves as you find them and perhaps make a leaf mask to use for Samhain in due time.


Berries of the Guelder Rose start to deepen to red

A brief solo ritual for you to practice.

Rituals are always better with meaning and purpose  that is more than just a recognition and a tugging of one’s  forelock to a deity or time of year.

These words are my own, but not necessarily the ones I frequently use. If you would like to,  please feel free to ad lib or replace with your own words.

Edit if you will, but please cite me as the author if you are sharing (Mark Buxton or this blog).

The circle cast used here is one aimed at connection rather than separation or safety, feel free to use a different one if you feel in need of a more secure space.

This circle is in a similar vein to the majority of Neopagan style circles and is losely based on both a Wiccan and Druid ceremony format.

The purpose of this circle is connection,  this allows for some vulnerability, but  please don’t use this if you are in a place  that creeps you out or feels ‘wrong’;  wait and work elsewhere.


Find your working space. An area with a 9 foot (3 metre) diameter of open ground will be more than sufficient. You will  need a lighter or matches. Please make yourself aware of fire safety.

Mark out the North with a stone and an  unlit candle.
Mark out the East with a  feather (or  jos stick) and an unlit  candle.
Mark out the South with an unlit candle and something golden in colour.
Mark  out the West with a small bowl of water and an unlit candle.

Place a candle, a dark bowl of water (ideally dew or spring water collected from your local area) an apple and some fresh acorns in the centre. A small amount of cider, apple juice or mead can be placed in a glass in the centre as well. You will also need a knife, this can be an athame, boline or penknife depending upon how you use your tools.

Circle cast

Begin by standing in the centre of what will be your circle.

Take three deep breaths, feeling your lungs fill completely. Feel yourself centred, calm and ready to begin. Face the East.

Extending your finger (or wand, athame, staff or whatever you choose) hold it against your heart. Move your finger to point outwards and be aware of power moving with it.

Feel the energy flowing out of your finger and move your hand slowly to face the East. See that the energy flows out and pools in the air just beyond the Eastern candle, creating a wall that extends both upwards to a point directly above your head and down wards to a point directly below your feet.

Move clockwise, feeling the energy drawing a spherical curtain around you. As you move say the words below. Keep moving in a clockwise direction (deosil) until you reach East again.

A circle of Joy I wind around me like a cloak,
A sphere of presence and of love,
These walls borne of my own spirit,
weaving a circle of connection,
A circle of power, joy and strength
Shared with the world around me.

Once you have reached the East pull your hand back in towards your chest and  allow yourself to feel the presence of the sphere of your own energy around you.

Walk to the East and say:

Hail to the East, place of dawn and the Spirits of Air!
Spirits of the Mighty Winds and Living Breath!
I ask that you join me and watch over me in my rites.

Light the Eastern Candle

Move to the South and say:

Hail to the South, place of the midday sun and the Spirits of Fire!
Spirits of the flickering flame and the body’s chemical fires!
I ask that you join me and watch over me in my rites.

Light the Southern Candle

Walk to the West and say:

Hail to the West, place of dusk and the Spirits of Water!
Spirits of the Falling Rain and the water in  my flesh!
I ask that you join me and watch over me in my rites.

Light the Western Candle

Walk to the North and say:

Hail to the North, place of Midnight and the Spirits of Earth!
Spirits of the fertile soils, stones and bones!
I ask that you join me and watch over me in my rites.

Light the Northern Candle

Walk back to the centre of your circle.  Bend and touch the Earth beneath you, then stand and reach up to the heavens.  Lowering your hand and tuning the full  circle where you are say:

Ancestors of my blood, Ancestors of this land and Ancestors of my Tradition I call to you!
Spirits of this Place and of this Time, Those seen and unseen,
Walk with me and guide me in my ways.
I ask that you join me and watch over my  rites

Sit in the centre of the circle and meditate or dwell on what this second wave of harvest has brought you or will bring you. Try to recall all of the changes in the natural world, or the plants and such growing in your local area, that have marked this out as the Autumnal equinox.

Consider  whether or not you have experienced any change as the Equniox arrives. Perhaps your clothes are now heavier and warmer? Perhaps you diet is suddenly more filled with starches and heavier fattier foods? Or perhaps it would be if you gave in to the cravings?

Kneel or stand in front of the items in the centre of the circle now.

Taking the apple, anoint it with dew water, seeing the blessing of the Autumn, of harvests and richness sink in to it.
Hold the apple with the stem towards the sky and cut through it’s centre horizontally.

Look down at the cross cut core of the apple and you will see it is shaped as a star, a pentagram. Note that this gift of the season and Earth displays the five pointed star at it’s centre.

Become aware of the pentagram being a symbol of balance between the four magical elements of Earth, Air Fire and Water, along with the Essence of Spirit.

Place half of the apple on the ground and eat the other half. Focusing on nothing but the taste, texture and pleasure of eating.

Once done, say:

The Earth’s fruits have nourished me with insights and joy,
Half I have imbibed, Half I leave,
A gift to me is a shared gift with All.
May this half be a blessing to another creature of the Earth.


Touch the second half off the apple and leave it on the floor.
Pick up the bowl of water and place it on the ground in front of you.
Place the candle behind the bowl and light it.


I seek now to look for my memories of success and for what is to become.
I seek the knowledge hidden in the Light on the Water.
I ask my Ancestors to show me what joy is yet to be harvested,
to remind me of a task not yet attended to. 

Pause, breathe and look deeply in to the reflective surface, allow your eyes to defocus. Spend some time here and if you are meant to see something you will.
Scrying, as this is, does not come easily for many. Do not rush; take your time.

Reflect on what you see, if, indeed, you see anything.

Once done, step back from the bowl and thank the Ancestors thus:

I offer you my gratitude,
The Light on the Water i now return again to you,
The blessings of a past harvest and a long and fortuitous future life,
I ask for here with this offering of acorns.

Snuff the candle out with wet fingers and drop the acorns in to the bowl of water.

Now take up the cider, apple juice or mead. Walk to the East and pour a little on to the floor, say:

A libation for the start of the year, a spring well raised.

Walk to the South and pour a little on to the floor, say:

A libation for the height of the year, a summer well grown .

Walk to the West and pour a little on to the floor, say:

A libation for the present hour, a harvest well given.

Walk to the North and pour a little on to the floor, say:

A libation for the end of the year, a Winter yet to pass.

Walk back to the centre and pour a little on to the floor, say:

A libation for those gone before and all in attendance.
Blessings upon you
and may your blessings be upon me.

Drink the remaining contents of the cup or bottle.






Facing the North say the following

Spirits of the North and Earth
I thank you for watching over my rite,
I offer blessings and farewell.

Facing the West say the following

Spirits of the West and Water.
I thank you for watching over my rite,
I offer blessings and farewell.

Facing the South say the following

Spirits of the South and Fire
I thank you for watching over my rite,
I offer blessings and farewell.

Facing the East say the following

Spirits of the East and Air.
I thank you for watching over my rite,
I offer blessings and farewell.

Standing in the centre of the circle and turning round say:

Spirits of this Time and Place, This Land and of All my Ancestors
I thank you for watching over my rite,
I offer blessings and farewell,
Walk with me as you will.

Stand in the centre and face East

Reach out with your finger (wand etc)  and see the energy of the circle begin to flow back  in to our body as you turn anticlockwise winding all your energy back in.

Once done say:

This rite is now complete and done, I return  to the apparent World.

Put out the quarter candles.

The water can now be emptied in the West and the acorns gathered up.
These can be planted in pots outside, or in patches of soil on your journeys over the next three days.
As the trees grow, so too should your blessings asked for or seen in the ritual.
Listen to  the  ritual via my podcast  here:






Alban Elfed – the Light on the water.


A few years ago a conversation furnished me with knowledge of a neolithic site on moorland not too far from home, more importantly it told me where exactly it was.

It then took me quite a while to get around to going and seeing it but eventually I did. The Pikestones are a passage grave up on Anglezarke moor, near Chorley and not too far from Rivington Gardens and the magical landscape that it offers.
The site itself sits on the edge of the West Pennine moors and once you’ve found it the eye is drawn out on to the moorland -a few extra steps revealing spongy ground and muddy sheep tracks. The few times I had previously visited I didn’t ventured very far in any direction due to rain and mud and biting flies as much as due to a lack of time.

Recently, though, I had a day off, simply an opportunistic day, booked to elongate a Bank Holiday weekend. On that day I woke with a chilled feeling but  a calling to head up to the Pikestones. As the morning passed the chilled feeling remained and so did the call to visit the stones, with a growing sensation that I would be meeting someone up there.

Now, I’ve mentioned how desolate the place can be and the passage grave itself is neither visible from the road nor very well known about in the local area, so the chance of meeting another up there is rare, the narrow paths being more than frequently hidden under flowering grasses and reeds.

My sensation of being too relaxed to do anything suddenly evaporated and I headed out the door with a sensation that the timing was now right.

However, the thought didn’t go  away and as I prepared to head up towards the reservoir next to the moors I found myself assuming that it might be a friend who I was taking to via social media. However, it turned out that Tara was actually far down south at present so couldn’t come along despite my invitation. As such the mystery continued and I started to doubt that there would be any meeting on the physical plane.

Pulling in to the small car parking space at Jepson’s Gate and grabbing my rucksack I locked the car and hopped over the stile before meandering through the rushes and grasses to the top right corner of the field.

Pikestones; passage grave



Through the passage 

Here, enclosed by a wire fence, is a large  patch of longer grass tinted red and brown. Sharing this space are rushes and flowering heather. Hoping over another stile in to the field I walk the almost hidden path, noticing that the grass is bent in a few places; someone had been here pretty recently.
In the centre of the patch the Pikestones sit, a few left upright, a sunken cairn and a few piles of rocks cover a 45 metre by 18 metre piece of ground. The Standing stones are the remnant of the passage grave.

I walk around the stones, touching a few here and there while greeting the spirit of the place. Suddenly though, my eyes alight upon a walking stick lodged in to a crevice next to a low lying rock. The stick is carved like a snake, with brass tacks for eyes and a small area of damage disfiguring it’s head.
Well… I wondered… is this an offering by the last visitor? A gift to the space?

As I sit and eat my food, placing an apple and a biscuit on the space for the dead to remember the tastes of food, I ponder the history of the site.

From what I’ve read the site once had a double wall around it which curved inwards to form a forecourt of sorts on the easternmost side, with the passage running North to South.. This lead to a double capped fifteen metre long passage grave that was used to house the bones of the dead after the wildlife had striped them of flesh. Sadly the site has been badly damaged in the past and now only one cap stone sits atop the uprights with the other having slipped and other stones are scattered rather than placed. This is the oldest known feature in the local landscape with other sites thought to be Mesolithic or Bronze age.

There’s also a piece of more modern graffiti in the style of a spiral cut in to the stone in one section (now worked over by someone else with a chisel to be very vague). As well as someone’s name on another stone.

Despite this the site still has a potent presence and it must have taken a huge effort to build for the local people of the time.

As I sit pondering, gently heading in to a meditation, the site seems to buzz briefly and i open my eyes and look to the stile I had entered the enclosure by. Sure enough, a man was walking towards me.

‘Right on time,’ I thought.

After a fifty minute, thoroughly enjoyable conversation,  I find out that Alan is has been retired for  little more than a year and that the walking stick was his. He’d left it that morning while on a rare visit to the site with his Granddaughter and had come back to collect it.
He was surprised to see anyone up here, let alone to fall in to conversation so readily. Alan, it turns out, is a gold mine of information, mainly on Egypt and temples but also many other thing.
While talking Alan directs me to Round loaf Cairn not too far away and we also discuss the chances of other ancient sites on the moss and the curious shape of Rivington in the distance. He recall a memory of other cairns in the area, that were more stone and less grass when he as a lad.

After a drink on my part and a cigarette on his, Alan gathers up his stick and we head our separate ways. A fortuitous meeting indeed.

Encouraged by Alan’s words I decide to head towards Round Loaf cairn… but that’s coming in the next blog post along with some other ancient oddities that were found.





On 27th August,  I had the great pleasure of leading a walk and talk around Sefton Park, Liverpool.
I’ve only visited the park once before and even then only for a couple of hours, but in discussion with Moot Lord Brian (I was right… he’s too humble to like the name Moot Chief, so I thought I’d step it up one), we agreed that it was a nicely central and easily accessible location.

Sefton Park contains 235 acres  of land that is devoted to trees, football pitches and even an old palm house that just screams it’s heritage as you walk past it.

Rather than recount the full five-ish hour walk, not including eating time,  I thought I’d mention a couple of the more unusual  finds in the park.

As we walked, we talked about the folklore and uses of some of the more commonly found plants; from yew, to juniper, to oak and sycamore and beech and beyond.

Yew of course is more than a little toxic and it’s botanical name, Taxus, even gives us the origins of the word ‘Toxic’. Taxus itself coming form the old Greek work ‘Taxa’ meaning bow. As we know, arrows and bows combine to make a deadly tool.

We also saw a nice array of other plants that would of you a good deal of harm  as we walked, but in this blog post I hope only to draw your attention to two types of trees and two types of gall.

Let’s start with the Galls.


A Turkey Oak acorn, Quercus cerris.

Galls are distorted growths on a tree and I’ll do a more in depth blog about them in the future. Some, such as Maple blister galls, are caused by mites feeding on the leaves, but some of the most impressive ones are made by species of wasp.

Some of these wasps are tiny, while others are around the size of a housefly as an adult, but they are not the sugar loving and super stingy hornet like wasp that many fear.

On several Quercus robur, the English Oak, we spotted a number of Knopper galls. The wasp which causes Knopper galls has an interesting life cycle with female wasps laying eggs that house male grubs on the Turkey Oak, Quercus cerris, in the spring and a sexually reproductive part of the cycle involving the English Oak.

Like several wasp and be species, unfertilised eggs hatch in to male offspring.

These hatch and then make small galls on the Turkey Oak buds before mating with female wasps which lay their eggs almost exclusively on the English Oak’s developing acorns.


Quercus robur, English Oak, with a Knopper gall acorn


These acorns are then distorted, and  often rendered infertile by the developing galls. Inside each of the galls is  developing wasp grub which feeds off the flesh on the inside of the gall.  The shape and form of the galls can vary massively.

Interestingly, although Turkey Oak was introduced in to the UK In 1735,  Andricus quercuscalicis, the wasp responsible, only arrived in the 196os. The wasp requires the presence of both oak species before it can complete it’s life cycle.

Sadly, some English oaks are so over stocked by these funky galls that they don’t produce any fertile acorns in some years.

As an observation on my part, Turkey Oak seems to be out competing our native oaks as young saplings, as well as naturalising in to areas of previously industrial  land with a greater readiness than our natives. It wouldn’t surprise me if climate change is lending a hand to the Turkey oak and it may well become a dominant tree in the landscape in years to come.



Gouty / horned gall

The second gall is either a horned Gall, with few horns or a Gouty Gall with a couple of horns – both again caused by wasps and in this instance growing at the junctions of twigs on a Turkey Oak and spotted by the keen eyed Druid known as, Badger.

I’ve certainly not seen many of these in the past, but they are fascinating ( the galls as well as the Badger named Druids).

And now on to two trees.


The first tree is the Metasequoia glyptostroboides, The Dawn Redwood. This Chinese native was only known in fossil records at least 1.5 million years old until a living one as found.

The fossil record trees were spotted in 1941 and were named as Metasequoia, meaning ‘like sequoia’, with no known specimens in the word, until in 1943 Zhan Wang, a Chinese forester found a huge tree as pat of the local peoples shrine in what is now Moudao, Lichuan county. This huge tree was propagated and can now be found with it’s beautiful trunk and burnt caramel scented foliage all over the world, although it’s still rare.

There are at least two of these in the park, but this one has a gloriously characterful trunk.

It’s closest relatives are the Swamp and Giant redwoods of North America.


The final highlight for me was encountering Staphlea pinnata, the European Bladdernut.  This multi-stemmed shrubby plant has beautiful pea like flowers and is a distant relation of the pea.
These flowers become air filled bladder like pods which each bear several small seeds. Seeds which look like popcorn that hasn’t fully popped but taste like pistachio mixed with fresh pea shoots.

Delightful. Obviously I gathered some seeds to sow, but the require a long period of heat and then cold and even then can be erratic to germinate. So … next time I’m in the park I’ll take a few cuttings as they root readily according to my research. These might well be guerrilla planted.

This species is apparently native to Europe, but not frequently seen. I at first, incorrectly, assumed it was the American Bladdernut.

I had seen these bladder bearing plants in a Permaculture book many years ago, but this was the first time I had seen them in the flesh… well, at least fruiting. It turns out that I had seen it’s close relative Staphlyea bumalda  in flower when over in Ireland earlier in the year.

The Staphylea genus only has 11 species in it, so I can excuse myself for getting them muddled up a little.



On the 30th July 2016 a rag taggle group of pagans met outside the Liverpool Word museum.
They greeted each other warmly and waited. They were not, as one might presume, waiting for the correct magical hour to begin their journey, but they were waiting or a magnificent Metallic white steed. Within this steed would be found others of their kind. Pam , driver for the day and Brian E, organiser of the day.

The steed like minibus was a little late due to traffic. Which gave plenty of time for the pagans to get bored and to do pagan things, like chat and search for the local toilet… which led one member of the group to excitedly rummage in the foliage of the trees. For it turns out that there are some unusual trees n the gardens at the front of the museum.

Trees like Ailanthus altissima (the tree of heaven) and Catalpha bignonioides (Indian Bean tree) as well as Persian Iron woods and others  -all in mature splendour.

But enough about trees in Liverpool … you want to read about Anglesey and the things discovered there.

As you might expect from a group of pagans we’d all booked passage on the white steed in order to visit ancient sites on the sacred isle of Yns Mon.

Bryn Celli Ddu

53°12’28.32N  004.14’07.79W

After a relatively short journey, the metallic steed-come-minibus arrived at Bryn Celli Ddu, meeting up with others of the party who had made their own way to the location independently.

Walking down the path towards the tomb revelaed a hedgerow rich in witchy pants such as the poisonous Black Briony ( Dioscorea communis) with it’s still green berries an Woody Nightshade (Solanum Dulcamara). Turning the final corner a red squirrel darted from the path in front of us as we approached.

Walking around the tomb  before entering we took note of the grassy mound and the feminine opening of the chamber  before spending a good deal of time  looking at the  inside of the chamber and noting the offerings left by previous visitors.

Brian, the Moot Chief (he’ll hate the title as he’s a very humble man), had prepared an information pack on all of the monuments we would be seeing in the day. So, a few facts:

  • Known as the Mound in the Dark Grove
  • First explored in 1865 and then again in 1928
  • It was thought to have begun as a henge and was built in the later days of the Neolithic
  • It used to be surrounded by a bank, an inner ditch and a circle of upright stones
  •  Over time the henge gave way to the passage tomb similar to today’s structure
  • Unusually a small ox as found buried outside the outer ditch of the henge,  encased in a stone and wood frame.
  • The monument as seen today has been heavily excavated and reconstructed
  • Burned and unburned human bones were found in the chamber and curiously so was an ear bone, carefully placed in a  fire pit which was covered with a flat rock.
  • several stones in the tomb have been found with spiral patterns and other stone works.
  • the upright , assumed phallic, stone in the chamber is a replica, with the original on display in the Cardiff museum.

The Chamber itself is beautiful inside and the mound on the top is less than half the size it would originally have been as it would have stretched right up to the ditch still in place now and been lined with huge kerb stones. Historically, it seems to have been used for a period of roughly 500 years before being the entrance was blocked up for a long time.

The mound itself is well supported by concrete additions and is a great place to meditate, but take care not to tread away any grass or soil. There’s a warming energy that still rises through the mound itself.

Sadly my photographs of the inside of the tomb are a bit out of focus… so you’ll have to visit the site to get a good idea of it’s insides.


Castell Bryn Gwyn

53°10’43.57″N  004°17’59.40″W

Our second stop was an impressively sized circular bank of soil. This is another site with a long history of usage, though i have to admit that I got very little from it in terms of any impressions of use.

An excavation begun in 1959 found evidence that the site had been used as an henge, settlement between the late Neolithic/ early Bronze age and the Roman period.

Post holes that would have supported structures, pottery and flint were found in the inner ring as well as an obvious, but narrow track way through the bank.

Sadly the site has been partially destroyed by farm buildings and the like over the years. and can no longer be sen as a full circle as it once was.


Bodowyr Burial Chamber

53°11’22.16″N  004°18’12.24″W

We meandered further in to the Anglesey countryside and found our selves wandering through a field be-speckled with sheep dung and recently mown grass.

In the centre of the field is a small polygonal chamber tomb ensconced within a whit painted metal pen. This site has never been excavated, but it is thought to be a neolithic chamber tomb and it’s speculated that it would have been covered by a mound of soil as many others of the time were.

The energy of this site seemed to be such as to lull everyone in to a state of relaxation. As a group a good amount of time was devoted to just looking at the site.
Needless to say all that relaxation took place after most member of the party had scrambled over the metal fence…. it is after all only designed to keep the sheep out, surely.

In fact the fence hadn’t kept out the sheep as a dip beneath one of the bars and some sheep poop inside the fenced area would testify to.

I took advantage of the cut grass at this site to make a couple of things to leave as an offering.

After lining the grass trimmings up a little, i rolled them in to a cord, and twisted them in to  a loose rope. From this a small ‘corn doll’ was fashioned and placed in the centre of the monument. The second piece of grass rope was to be tied on the metal fencing as a sort of clootie ribbon.


Din Dryfol Burial Chamber

53°13’30.82″N  004°24’20.52″W

From a small yet obvious chamber tomb to a larger and well hidden gem!
It took a little bit of jungle prowess and even a blood offering to find this charming burial chamber.

As we drove from Bodowyr to this one there was an air of mystery as to how to reach the site. Our instructions suggested that we would find ourselves in a farm yard called Fferam Rhosydd …  yet the point on the map suggested it was elsewhere.
Having unknowingly passed the farm entranced as we drove through a part of the island displaying beautiful rocky outcrops and ridges, we paused to take stock.
Pulling up against a seemingly abandoned farm building  the minibus was approached by a large fat cat. Staring up at the window he Mewled; demanding to know our business.

After being asked the for directions the cat simply looked back the way we’d come for a long moment before going to sit by his equally intimidating looking brother cat who had appeared from nowhere. They almost gave off the sense that they were mini cat mafiosos who would now gather in force to make sure we weren’t stealing any of their patch.

Heeding the cat’s advice we turned around and headed back, soon seeing a sign embedded in a hedge that pointed us where we needed to go.

Once parked up, we disinterred from the vehicle and followed the signs as best we could. The monument is not obvious from the parking space and so I scuttled up a small  hillocky rock ridge to get a better view of the area. Following the sheep path through the gorse I realised two things. Firstly that it was a one way path with a sheer  slope denying further progression and secondly that everyone else was following me up the mound. Seemingly everyone thought I’d spotted the monument and was leading the way.


With us all crowded on the top of the rocky mound we looked around, seeing a bit of rock sticking out of the bracken on a hillside some 500 yards away, we ascertained that it was the most likely site.

Turning around to dismount the hillock Pamela managed to slip on a hidden rock. Fortunately she caught herself… unfortunately it was on a dense sprig of gorse. As she pulled the spiny leaves from her hand and blood bloomed on the surface we noted the first offering of blood made to the pace that day.

Once down the hill there were two options to take. One was easy and merely involved negotiating grass well nibbled by cows and walking through a gate. Due to the brow of the hill though, this path was not known about in advance.

And so, with a few waiting behind, Brian, Nick and myself set off, cutting a barely visible path between two hedgerows containing boggy ground and then up and through the  chest height bracken and gorse.
After a meandering path had been taken we arrived at the stones, saying a brief farewell and asking forgiveness for shattering the peace of the place before we shouted to our companions to walk across the field as the gate they had spotted from their vantage point after entering a field did indeed connect to the site.

It proved tricky to get a full picture of the site due to the tall plant growth surrounding it, but this is a very worthwhile site to visit. We were even treated to the sight of ants ferrying their grubs up and down the tallest monolith to catch a little sun.



Overall the site consists of four chambers that were thought to be incorporated in to one long cairn, though  the soil is no missing and the stones had been reported as being slipped back in the early 1800’s.

There’s a definite echo here of residual power though and a future camp out on the sight would, I’m sure,  yield some great journeys.


Barclodiad y Gawres Burial Chamber

53°12’28.42″N  004°30’18.25″W


Having spent our time basking in the sunshine at the previous location we then piled once again in to the minibus. The day was hot and the short walk from the sandy car park to the not too distant grass covered mound was made all the more pleasant due to the gentle sea breeze that caressed our forms.

Sadly the mound had been locked up for the day before we’d arrived and we’d been having so much fun elsewhere that we were too late to collect a key. But it was nice to peer in and imagine things as they perhaps once had been.

The tomb is similar in profile to chamber tombs found over the water in Ireland. It’s name meaning Giantess’s apron full – with local legend suggesting that an apron load of earth was dropped here by a she giant.

Inside, lies a cruciform, four chambered tomb where the cremated remains of at least two men have been found. The central area, it is said, was used to host a fire pit. The archaeological evidence suggests that the fire was put out or the last time by a ‘stew’ being poured on it.  The stew had a range of tasty critters in it if the bones are to be believed.  Remains of mice, frogs, toads, snakes, hares,eels and some fish were found among the embers. After which the whole pit was capped with limpet shells and pebbles.

Again, like the tombs in the Boyne Valley, Ireland, this chamber features decorated stones, bearing patterns very similar to the Irish tombs as well.




An impromptu ritual…


After finding that we couldn’t enter the tomb, e seemed to collectively decide to have a bit of a chill out. Gary, headed to the cliff tops to navel gaze, Sarah and Pamela loitered at the top of the mound.
Nick and myself went for a wander (and  everyone else had a sit down).

A mere stone’s throw away from the tomb is a nice little cove… it’s littered with rocks (and sadly with litter) and the large stones act as a channel  for the water to navigate before the tide can come fully in.

Here the majority of us gathered and in a ceremony with very few words we called to Land, Sea and Sky and offered our skill as stone stackers to the Goddess Mon as a thank you for the hospitality of Angelsey.

These stacks would fall with the tide’s touch, but we gave a glimpse of ephemeral beauty to the place and our energy (and patience) in the making of such things as a thank you.

We were rewarded with a sun bleached rabbit skull for Nick’s collection as we waked back to the car. It was out of sight amidst the heather, but it called out and so was retrieved.




Ty Newydd Burial Chamber

53°14’07.22″N  004°28’57.70W


The time was now around 5pm (or later, I can’t recall) and yet there were still more sites to visit on our List. Brian had done an excellent job of putting the list together – but he’s also a stickler for value for money!  I can’t fault him on that, and I don’t think any others who attended would either.

Winding our way loosely back to the roads that lead to England we passed a sign for another burial chamber and so stopped – it was on our list after all.

This tomb was excavated in 1936 but yielded few finds. Although it was built in the Neolithic period the finds are of a flint arrow from the Bronze age and a shard of Beaker pottery.

As can be seen in the pictures, the cap stone of this monument has a large and obvious fault running through it. As such two hefty brick pillars have been introduced to keep the cap from falling apart. In the recent past it’s obviously become a custom to stick coins in to this gap as can be seen below – though none of us added any currency to the crack lest it act like a wedge and split the cap stone.

To do so would be irresponsible – after all, we weren’t wearing steel toe capped boots and no one wanted a broken toe.

Around the periphery of the structure is a circle of concrete bollards. These mark the area that is would have been covered with soil before the excavation.

This site is approached by climbing over a style and walking the edge of a field. A herd of sheep were grazing the remnants of a turnip crop in here and had uprooted a rather phallic turnip which not only found it’s way in to Sara’s bag, but also created much amusement on the minibus.
Another member of the party fulfilled the stereotypical role of the Liverpudlian, despite being a Southport resident, and… erm … shall we say ‘longterm borrowed’… an armful of golden stemmed grain from a neighbouring field edge to make in to corn dollies for the season.

With the hot, yet vegetative, property  we hightailed it back to the minibus and on to the next location.


Presaddfed Burial Chamber

53°17’53.86″N  004°28’54.64″W



Here we would find the last site of the trip as well as a few other interesting things.

There are two burial chambers next to each other at this location, one of which is clearly  standing more proudly than the other.
Archaeologists believe that these would have likely been buried under soil  and that the lack of a stone passage between the two tombs might indicate that they were used at different times during the Neolithic period.

These tombs have a more modern history as well – apparently they provided shelter to  a family of squatters in the 1700’s.

Not only that but we found clear evidence of a night terror in the location. One with sharp talons and a cutting beak. One that flies on silent wings.

An owl!

An also another bird of prey, likely a buzzard, too.


Brian spotted a pellet on the top of the fallen capstone and upon investigation there were few bones but a lot of short fur. The owl had likely been eating voles or mice.
The second picture is the knee of a medium sized bird, possibly a pheasant. As can be seen, a sharp beak has snipped through the bones either side of the join.
The knee as found atop the intact tomb cap stone as well.



From here we headed back towards Liverpool and our respective dwellings. Ready to dream about another day trip out with the Circle of Pagans.

In my last In SpirallingLeaf’s Grove  podcast I covered the Plum, Gage, Damson and Bullace  and in doing so referenced  one of their close relative, the Almond. 

This passing comment reminded me of the absolute  wealth of lore and fascinating  facts that Almond hides in plain sight, just inside it’s  woody little shell.  

Yet despite this depth of  lore, I have to admit that I don’t  know  Prunis dulcis as a physical  entity  very well at all. You see, it’s  not a common tree in the UK,  let alone in the soggy lands of the Northwest of  England! 

It’s  a tree with roots in the middle east, both literally  and historically.  

It likes hot lands, sun drenched and dry aired; lands like California, with little frost. Those lands are hard to find in my neck of the woods!

So, I looked at my diary and knew I wouldn’t  be  able  to  get a lot of time researching  for a few weeks… as such, I promised myself, if I could find  an almond tree, then I’d  do the podcast about it for definite.

I’ve  spent two weeks sending emails to botanical gardens and estates near where I’ve  been working (most of Merseyside  and Lancashire)… but to no avail.

I’ve  asked in plant and Permaculture based groups on Facebook. I even bothered Mersey Bio bank via my work twitter account…. also to no avail. 

Well. … Mersey Bio bank  sent me some great information  about a tree recorded in 2007 in an area of waste land in St Helens! Result! Or so I thought. I knew the patch of  land it would be on if I could find it…. but it’s  either well hidden… or dead. Likely  the latter, I fear. 

As mentioned  above,  almonds aren’t  native and certainly  aren’t  as vigorous  as the plethora of climatically adapted trees that have put on a lot of growth over ten years on that patch. The area of land where it should have stood was the remnants  of an old glass factory. Presumably  the tree had either been planted as part  an old ornamental driveway to the office area, or had sprung forth from a nut discarded by a worker. Either way I couldn’t  find  it.

What I did find was a wealth of apples,  cherries, plums, viburnums, spindles and poplar among other trees. A few surprises turned up as well, like the happily naturalised sweet peas  and a mass of human detritus  with the metal stripped out of it by local reprobates.

As should be  expected, the location of each fruit tree is now in my memory  for later use. Yet ,  without  the  Almond  of my desire I headed back to the car and homeward.

Oddly,  I took a wrong turn at a junction  I know well. Shucks! Yet, no bother as I knew I could turn left and cut through  the  top of Ashton  to rejoin through main road towards home.

Onwards I trundled, when suddenly  I spotted a tree…. and then another…. little, scabby trees next to larger cherry  blossom trees planted on roadside verges. Trees that screamed ALMOND! to my subconscious  mind.

The car almost parked itself as I flew out to double check. Low and behold, I had found almond trees on grass verges, planted by the council, less than three miles from home, on a road I had traveled many times to bypass traffic in the past.

I’ll  visit these trees a few more times over the coming weeks. Hopefully  I’ll  get  to know them in the process,  as well as likely worrying  the locals with my presence.

While in the Republic of Ireland back in May of this year, we went stone hunting. 

Our journey saw us skirt around the coast of most of Eire as well as making a few forays in land. Much of the holiday was spent tracking  down ancient  sites based on the coordinates on  websites such as 

While  a wonderful  resource, the coordinates  submitted are often out by a few hundred metres or so (the worst one so far being a Scottish circle that was over a mile away from it’s purported  location, a mile as the crow flies that is), but it’s  not  surprising  as often the site descriptions and pictures of some of  these sites were last updated well over a decade ago…. but then, I suppose they aren’t  likely  to  move very far after millenia in situ. Although  the landscape  and vegetation changes a lot, making sites almost  unrecognisable. 

In this case though, the coordinates were absolutely  spot on. We just couldn’t  find the site  due to a mass of bracken and a hill. We could feel it though. I recall just knowing there was something  beyond the hill. 

Yet, being the modern  people we are, we turned around and tried to follow the signs we had seen. 

In Ireland signs for such places seem rare, and yet, we had seen signs indicating stones and so git excited. Also, we had been up and down the road in the pouring rain several  times, both by foot and by car, nipping in and out of  farms as we went.

After a couple of miles in the car  we pulled up next to a sign that promised  a stone. One with a different  name, but who knows, the local names can be different  from official  ones right? 

We scrambled  in to the field  and after a few hundred yards we found a stone in a concrete bottomed cage. A stone  with a memorial  plaque  on it and a Mary in a case as well.

This was not the rocks we were looking  for. 

Unsure as the whether this was modern or merely  protected from stone fancying  moles and stone licking cattle we moved on.

Mere yards away we found an old grave right against the road side. Which was fascinating  and intriguing  … but not where we had aimed to visit. A nice bonus though!

So we looked again at the instructions  on … they mentioned  a pub in which to ask for directions. And so we headed in to the village and did just that. Getting  lots of heavily  accented information  from a group of farmers enjoying  an afternoon  pint or three.

We set our weary and soggy selves back on the road. We headed back the way we came  and visited a few more farm  properties while trying  to  follow the instructions. In due course we came to a road blocked by over zealous hounds,  who demanded love from the car, as well as a young lad who was trying  to  keep the dogs in check (with limited success). 
With a newly refurbished  farm house glistening  in the rain to our left and dogs bounding around in every direction we had almost found our circle. 

The lad  introduced  us to his mother, sister and his father (as he arrived home moments later). We were told to pull up against the second  gate on the left and head up the track beyond it. They were more than happy to let people  on their land to see the stones.

Lo and behold! The circle of demure but  happy stones were on top of the  hill. 

We spent a little  time here with these contented feeling  stones before  feeling pulled away to where I could sense another presence… a presence in a dipped field  behind the hill,  not visible  from the road. 

It was in this dip we  found the most potent stone that we encountered in our trip.  A huge Menhir, or single standing stone.  

A ring of thirty metres around it felt extra warm and energetic. This stone was warm to the touch despite the  soggy cold weather and it was pumping out power. A moment’s touch and feelings of restoration flooded my body.

From this angle  (above picture) the stone betrays it’s  phallic presence. Like an acupuncture  needle  tapping in and transferin out the Earth’s potency. 

  It was this stone that I had felt from  the roadside and a stone well worth a visit! After all it’s  only about three hundred  metres  as the crow flies from the circle  itself (away from the farm  house).

At five metres  tall  it’s  impressive  enough, but it’s  strength  and magical presence  is wonderful. If I return  to County Kerry at any point I’ll  be doing my best to go and see this stone  again.  After all it pleasantly haunted my dreams for several  nights afterwards.  

I’d  love to  run a ritual  incorporating  this stone… but it might run  to naughtiness. ..